Radon is a colorless, odorless as well as tasteless gas. It is the naturally occurring element that is inert as well as radioactive in nature. As stated radon is inert which means that it does not readily make bonds with other elements and in other words it is stable as the sole reason for elements to make bonds is to attain stability. Keeping this thing in mind one must think that it would have a very small concentration because both the factors of it being inert as well as the inability to manufacture it commercially or by artificial means must limit its amount. However, it is not the case.
The naturally occurring radon is despite these factors harmless as it’s fixation does not exceed the safe level. However, if radon is entrapped in any area and a long-term exposure to radon takes place the results are deadly. Radon is termed as the silent carcinogen claiming forty percent deaths due to lung cancer each year. Therefore, one needs to keep an eye on its amount and the only way to do so is by radon testing.
Radon is produced in abundance because of the radioactive decay of Uranium, Thorium and Radium. Along with this, the disintegration of radon itself is one of the contributing reasons for a high fixation of radon. When radon undergoes decay, it produces a part of radiation and smaller elements called the radon daughter elements.The procedure of radon Testing not only tells us whether there is a presence of radon in the surroundings but it extensive and advanced tests are utilized one may even find the exact concentration of radon. There are two categories of radon tests:
- Short-term radon detection tests:
As the name indicates these tests require a short period of time to calculate the results. These tests are fairly easier to set up an area often available over the counter in hardware stores. Despite being quicker they do have two main drawbacks. Firstly, they are not as accurate as the long-term tests. If you are solely relying on short-term tests than it is recommended that you repeat the test at least twice. Secondly, these tests while being performed need the area in which the testing is being done to be vacated. These tests may take anywhere between seven hours to three days to come up with the results.
- Long-term radon detection tests:
Long-term tests require a longer period to analyze the surroundings and calculate the concentration of radon. These tests are a little difficult to setup and if you do not know the basics of hardware or construction you may need to get help. These tests are available online as well as with the companies that provide testing and mitigation services. These are accurate and require somewhere between a week to three months to show the results depending upon the type of the test.
Radon testing is a simple technique that helps us keep the radon level in our surroundings under check and balance.